The American White and Cream Horse
The American White and Cream Horse, first recognized as the Albino Registry, originated in Nebraska in America in 1937 and can be credited to the efforts of Caleb and Hudson Thompson. The foundation sire was a stallion called Old King, of Arab/Morgan stock, who was purchased by the Thompsons in 1918. Caleb and his wife, Ruth Hackenberg Thompson, named heir new horse "American Albino" and organized a breed registry in 1936 which was incorporated in 1937 to register Old King's progeny. Eventually the books were opened to horses of like color, but not necessarily of Old King breeding. In 1963, the registry was once again re-incorporated under the name The American Albino Association and in the early 70's and a second division for cremallo and perlino horses to be called American Creme Horse was added. It was during this time the horse known formerly an American Albino became the American White Horse. The Registry has moved away from the use of "albino" since, genetically, the American White Horse is not a true albino, neither is its close cousin, the American Creme Horse.
Old King produced mainly pink-skinned white-coloured foals from a variety of whole-coloured mares and the Thompsons used him on a herd of Morgan mares to create a breed of white-coloured horses. Within the breed there are a wide range of differences in conformation, with the influence of American Quarter Horse, the Morgan, English Thoroughbred, and the Arab showing in varying degrees from horse to horse. perhaps the breeds now known as the American White and the American Cream is less of a breed and more of a color definition, although these horses do all have similar characteristics, such as an excellent learning and trainability. There is now more distinction between the American White Horse and the American Cream.
Despite the lack of conformity regarding their conformation, the American White and Cream Horses seem universally to be an intelligent horse that is quick to learn with an excellent temperament making them a very nice riding horse, generally standing about 15.1hh. These qualities have also led to them being widely used in the film industry and also in the circus.Traditionally, white horses were considered one of the most beautiful and desirable horses, ridden by kings and queens and great generals, while also featuring in folk stories and legends as having magical powers. More recently their colour has been considered a sign of weakness, which is of course, a myth.
The American White Horse must have a uniformly, true-white coat and have pink skin. Eye color will vary. White horses have been known to have the following colors of eyes: dark brown, dark blue-black, blue, very pale blue and multi-colored (sometimes called hazel). Not mottling of the skin (like an Appaloosa's) is permitted.
The American Creme Horse must have pink skin. Its eyes can be any color but most commonly will be pale blue or
a very pale amber. Creams never have truly pink or red eyes, but the iris may be such a pale blue that it appears nearly white and the pupil of the eye will reflect pink, however this is reflected lighting, not eye coloring. Its pink skin may be of a darker shade, more to the tan, but must not be gray or black. It cannot have mottling on the skin such as is common with Appaloosas. It cannot have spots such as Paints and Appaloosas have, but must have cream colored coats which may vary from off white to a fairly rich cream but lighter than palomino. The mane and tail may vary from white to cream to rich russet coloring and creams descending from buckskins or duns may have darker cream points on the legs. White markings such as blazes, stars and socks are permitted.
Cream horses vary in coloring and may be born nearly white or a rich cream which looks almost gold like a palomino. Creams may lighten to almost white as they age, or in rare cases may become a darker cream. Their skin will remain light, however.
While breeding the American White is fairly straightforward, the coloration being a dominant gene, breeding the American Cream can be difficult since the cream color is caused by a recessive gene. This means that a cream bred to a horse of color will dilute the color, ie. a cream bred to a bay will produce a buckskin and a cream bred to a chestnut will produce a palomino. A cream bred to another cream will produce 100 percent cream foals.
The American White Horses and the American Creme Horse does not go blind or deaf and is not loco. Statements of some horse people differ from this but shows their lack of understanding of this unique horse. Recent research has also proven their light colored hooves are just as healthy and durable as dark colored hooves."
Written by Salina Covich. - 2009 (c)
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